UNIT’S OPERATION PRINCIPLE
PREPARING OF MIXTURE OF NANOCATALIZER WITH RAW MATERIAL
The residue, heated up to 60 °c, is supplied by the pump in the mixer where mixed with nanocatalizer in the amount of not more than 2% of the mass of raw material.
After heating up to 138 °c in the interstitute space of the heat exchanger, the mixture comes to the pipe of the heat exchanger where is heated up to 320 °c and then comes to the reactor oven where is cracked at the temperature of 385-440 °c under pressure of 0.6-0.7 mpa (6-7 kgs/cm2).
SECTION OF CRACKING-REST
From the reactor oven, nanocatalytic cracking product comes into the separator where the liquid cracking-rest is separated from the vapour-gas catalyst. catalyst comes into the interstruction space of the heat exchanger where is cooled to temperature of 200-220 °c, then providing heating of mixture of residue with nanocatalizer coming to the heat exchanger.
Cracking-rest released from gaseous catalysts comes to the tube space of the heat exchanger when cooled to 140-150 °c temperature, providing the primary heating of mixture of nanocatalizator and residue, and then it is taken into the warehouse.
SECTION OF LIQUID CATALYST
Chilled to 40 °c the catalyst as a gas-liquid, comes to a separator where the liquid catalysis is separated from hydrocarbon gases. liquid catalyst is pumped out for further processing.
Hydrocarbon gases are written by the compressor and come to the refrigerator-condenser for cooling.
SECTION OF DRY HYDROCARBON GASES
Cooled to 30 °c hydrocarbon gases come to separator where separation of dry and fat gases is conducted. fat gases are removed into the storage of liquefied gases, and non-condensed dry gases are reduced to the fuel net.